The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism by Gøsta Esping-Andersen
Requirements: .PDF reader, 2.5 Mb
Overview: Few discussions in modern social science have occupied as much attention as the changing nature of welfare states in Western societies. Gsta Esping-Andersen, one of the foremost contributors to current debates on this issue, here provides a new analysis of the character and role of welfare states in the functioning of contemporary advanced Western societies. Esping-Andersen distinguishes three major types of welfare state, connecting these with variations in the historical development of different Western countries. He argues that current economic processes, such as those moving toward a postindustrial order, are shaped not by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences. Fully informed by comparative materials, this book will have great appeal to all those working on issues of economic development and postindustrialism. Its audience will include students of sociology, economics, and politics.
Genre: Non-Fiction > General
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The Age of Surveillance Capitalism by Shoshana Zuboff
Requirements: .ePUB reader, 3.9 MB
Overview: The challenges to humanity posed by the digital future, the first detailed examination of the unprecedented form of power called "surveillance capitalism," and the quest by powerful corporations to predict and control our behavior.
Shoshana Zuboff’s interdisciplinary breadth and depth enable her to come to grips with the social, political, business, and technological meaning of the changes taking place in our time. We are at a critical juncture in the confrontation between the vast power of giant high-tech companies and government, the hidden economic logic of surveillance capitalism, and the propaganda of machine supremacy that threaten to shape and control human life. Will the brazen new methods of social engineering and behavior modification threaten individual autonomy and democratic rights and introduce extreme new forms of social inequality? Or will the promise of the digital age be one of individual empowerment and democratization? Which will we all be – Master or Slave?…
Genre: Non-Fiction > Tech & Devices
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China’s Capitalism: A Paradoxical Route to Economic Prosperity by Tobias ten Brink, Carla Welch
Requirements: .ePUB reader, 1.6 MB
Overview: Since 1978, the end of the Mao era, economic growth in China has outperformed every previous economic expansion in modern history. While the largest Western economies continue to struggle with the effects of the deepest recession since World War II, the People’s Republic of China still enjoys growth rates that are massive in comparison. In the country’s smog-choked cities, a chaotic climate of buying and selling prevails. Tireless expansion and inventiveness join forces with an attitude of national euphoria in which anything seems possible. No longer merely the "workshop of the world," China is poised to become a global engine for innovation.
In China’s Capitalism, Tobias ten Brink considers the history of the socioeconomic order that has emerged in the People’s Republic. With empirical evidence and a theoretical foundation based in comparative and international political economy, ten Brink analyzes the main characteristics of China’s socioeconomic system over time, identifies the key dynamics shaping this system’s structure, and discusses current trends in further capitalist development. He argues that hegemonic state-business alliances mostly at the local level, relative homogeneity of party-state elites, the maintenance of a low-wage regime, and unanticipated coincidences between domestic and global processes are the driving forces behind China’s rise. He also surveys the limits to the state’s influence over economic and social developments such as industrial overcapacity and social conflict.
Genre: Non-Fiction > General
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Russia’s Crony Capitalism: The Path from Market Economy to Kleptocracy by Anders Aslund
Requirements: .M4A/.M4B reader, 655 MB
Overview: A penetrating look into the extreme plutocracy Vladimir Putin has created and its implications for Russia’s future.
This insightful study explores how the economic system Vladimir Putin has developed in Russia works to consolidate control over the country. By appointing his close associates as heads of state enterprises and by giving control of the FSB and the judiciary to his friends from the KGB, he has enriched his business friends from Saint Petersburg with preferential government deals. Thus, Putin has created a super wealthy and loyal plutocracy that owes its existence to authoritarianism.
Much of this wealth has been hidden in offshore havens in the United States and the United Kingdom, where companies with anonymous owners and black money transfers are allowed to thrive. Though beneficial to a select few, this system has left Russia’s economy in untenable stagnation, which Putin has tried to mask through military might.
Genre: Audiobooks > Non-Fiction
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Citizen Capitalism: How a Universal Fund Can Provide Influence and Income to All by Lynn A. Stout, Sergio Alberto Gramitto, Tamara Belinfanti
Requirements: EPUB Reader 0.81 MB
Overview: Corporations have a huge influence on the life of every citizen-this book offers a visionary but practical plan to give every citizen a say in how corporations are run while also gaining some supplemental income. It lays out a clear approach that uses the mechanisms of the private market to hold corporations accountable to the public.
This would happen through the creation of what the authors call the Universal Fund, a kind of national, democratic, mega mutual fund. Every American over eighteen would be entitled to a share and would participate in directing its share voting choices. Corporations and wealthy individuals would donate stocks, bonds, cash, or other assets to the fund justlike they do to other philanthropic ventures now. The fund would pay out dividends to its citizen-shareholders that would grow as the fund grows.
The Universal Fund is undoubtedly a big idea, but it is also eminently practical: it uses the tools of capitalism, not government, to give all citizens a direct influence on corporate actions. It would be a major institutional investor beholden not to a small elite group of stockholders pushing for short-term gain but to everyone. The fund would reward corporations that made sure their actions didn’t harm people, communities, and the environment, and it would enable them to invest in innovations that would take more than a few months to pay off. Which is another reason corporations would donate to the fund-they could be freed from the constant pressure to maximize their quarterly share price and would essentially be subsidized for doing good.
The authors demonstrate that our current economic rules force corporations to be shortsighted and even destructive because for most large investors, nothing matters but share price. The Universal Fund is designed to be a powerful positive balancing force, making the world a better place and the United States a better nation.
Genre: Non-Fiction – General –
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