Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665, 1st Edition by Alistair Malcolm
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Overview: Royal Favouritism and the Governing Elite of the Spanish Monarchy, 1640-1665 presents a study of the later years of the reign of Philip IV from the perspective of his favourite (valido), don Luis Mendez de Haro, and of the other ministers who helped govern the Spanish Habsburg Monarchy. It offers a positive vision of a period that is often seen as one of failure and decline. Unlike his predecessors, Haro exercised the favour that he enjoyed in a discreet way, acting as a perfect courtier and honest broker between the king and his aristocratic subjects. Nevertheless, Alistair Malcolm also argues that the presence of a royal favourite at the head of the government of Spain amounted to a major problem. The king’s delegation of his authority to a single nobleman was considered by many to have been incompatible with good kingship, and Philip IV was himself very uneasy about failing in his responsibilities as a ruler. Haro was thus in a highly insecure situation, and sought to justify his regime by organizing the management of a prestigious and expensive foreign policy. In this context, the eventual conclusion of the very honourable peace with France in 1659 is shown to have been as much the result of the independent actions of other ministers as it was of a royal favourite very reluctantly brought to the negotiating table at the Pyrenees. By conclusion, the quite sudden collapse of Spanish European hegemony after Haro’s death in 1661 is represented as a delayed reaction to the repercussions of a flawed system of government.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
UNSTOPPABLE: Leverage Life Setbacks To Rebuild Resilience For Success (Inspired Stories of Real People with Unconquerable Will to Thrive ad Be Alive Book 3) by Elite Foundation
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“We may encounter many defeats, but we must never be defeated.”
The depiction of the humanity found within the pages of this artistic process work, is no less than an authentic reflection of the many threads found within a system of intricate experiences, that when weaved together, create pathways. Pathways predicated upon knowledge transpired through generational learning, but uniquely experienced by each human being at different moments in time.
Each contribution has significance, valued by those either who share in the experience or by those who are spectators seeking to emulate or to avoid the pain. As you embark upon the collective consciousness shared in Unstoppable, navigate the experience totally present in the moment. Use caution not to become immersed, unless it serves. There is rarity of transparency within the pages of the text; but also, reflection of some of the least desirable attributes and behaviors that man can inflict upon itself.
Genre: Non-Fiction > General