The Psychology of Man’s Possible Evolution by P.D. Ouspensky
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Overview: Studies man in view of what he may become. Describes how a man must work simultaneously on his knowledge and his being to find inner unity.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Faith, Beliefs & Philosophy
Evolution’s Captain: The Dark Fate of the Man Who Sailed Charles Darwin Around the World by Peter Nichols
Requirements: .ePUB reader, 728 kb
Overview: Evolution’s Captain is the story of a visionary but now forgotten English naval officer but for whom the "Darwinian Revolution" would never have occurred. When Captain Robert FitzRoy, the twenty-six-year-old captain of the H.M.S. Beagle, set out for Tierra del Fuego in the fall of 1831, he invited a young naturalist to accompany him. That twenty-two-year-old gentleman was Charles Darwin, and perhaps no single voyage in history had a greater impact on how we would come to understand the world — in both religious and scientific terms.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Biographies & Memoirs
Evolution and the Fall
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Evolution 2.0: Breaking the Deadlock Between Darwin and Design
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Captain America, Masculinity, and Violence: The Evolution of a National Icon (Television and Popular Culture)
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The Evolution of Intelligence by Robert J. Sternberg, James C. Kaufman
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Overview: How is one to understand the nature of intelligence? One approach is through psychometric testing, but such an approach often puts the "cart before the horse"–the test before the theory. Another approach is to use evolutionary theory. This criterion has been suggested by a number of individuals in the past, from Charles Darwin in the more distant past to Howard Gardner, Stephen Gould, Steven Pinker, Carl Sagan, David Stenhouse, and many others. The chapters in this book address three major questions:
1. Does evolutionary theory help us understand the nature of human intelligence?
2. If so, what does it tell us about the nature of human intelligence?
3. And if so, how has intelligence evolved?
The goal of this book is to present diverse points of view on the evolution of intelligence as offered by leading experts in the field. In particular, it may be possible to better understand the nature and societal implications of intelligence by understanding how and why it has evolved as it has. This book is unique in offering a diversity of points of view on the topic of the evolution of human intelligence.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Educational
Making Sense of Evolution: The Conceptual Foundations of Evolutionary Biology by Massimo Pigliucci, Jonathan Kaplan
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Overview: Making Sense of Evolution explores contemporary evolutionary biology, focusing on the elements of theories-selection, adaptation, and species-that are complex and open to multiple possible interpretations, many of which are incompatible with one another and with other accepted practices in the discipline. Particular experimental methods, for example, may demand one understanding of “selection,” while the application of the same concept to another area of evolutionary biology could necessitate a very different definition.
Spotlighting these conceptual difficulties and presenting alternate theoretical interpretations that alleviate this incompatibility, Massimo Pigliucci and Jonathan Kaplan intertwine scientific and philosophical analysis to produce a coherent picture of evolutionary biology. Innovative and controversial, Making Sense of Evolution encourages further development of the Modern Synthesis and outlines what might be necessary for the continued refinement of this evolving field.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Educational
The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences by David M. Buss, Patricia H. Hawley
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Overview: Capturing a scientific change in thinking about personality and individual differences that has been building over the past 15 years, this volume stands at an important moment in the development of psychology as a discipline. Rather than viewing individual differences as merely the raw material upon which selection operates, the contributing authors provide theories and empirical evidence which suggest that personality and individual differences are central to evolved psychological mechanisms and behavioral functioning. The book draws theoretical inspiration from life history theory, evolutionary genetics, molecular genetics, developmental psychology, personality psychology, and evolutionary psychology, while utilizing the theories of the "best and the brightest" international scientists working on this cutting edge paradigm shift.
In the first of three sections, the authors analyze personality and the adaptive landscape; here, the authors offer a novel conceptual framework for examining "personality assessment adaptations." Because individuals in a social environment have momentous consequences for creating and solving adaptive problems, humans have evolved "difference-detecting mechanisms" designed to make crucial social decisions such as mate selection, friend selection, kin investment, coalition formation, and hierarchy negotiation. In the second section, the authors examine developmental and life-history theoretical perspectives to explore the origins and development of personality over the lifespan. The third section focuses on the relatively new field of evolutionary genetics and explores which of the major evolutionary forces–such as balancing selection, mutation, co-evolutionary arms races, and drift–are responsible for the origins of personality and individual differences. Existing as a seminal work in the newly emerging evolutionary psychology field, this book is a "must-read" for anyone invested in the development of psychology as a field.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Educational
Ride, Boldly Ride: The Evolution of the American Western
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Defending Darwin: Essays on Evolution [Audiobook]
The Evolution of the Sensitive Soul: Learning and the Origins of Consciousness by Simona Ginsburg, Eva Jablonka
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Overview: A new theory about the origins of consciousness that finds learning to be the driving force in the evolutionary transition to basic consciousness.
What marked the evolutionary transition from organisms that lacked consciousness to those with consciousness-to minimal subjective experiencing, or, as Aristotle described it, “the sensitive soul”? In this book, Simona Ginsburg and Eva Jablonka propose a new theory about the origin of consciousness that finds learning to be the driving force in the transition to basic consciousness. Using a methodology similar to that used by scientists when they identified the transition from non-life to life, Ginsburg and Jablonka suggest a set of criteria, identify a marker for the transition to minimal consciousness, and explore the far-reaching biological, psychological, and philosophical implications.
After presenting the historical, neurobiological, and philosophical foundations of their analysis, Ginsburg and Jablonka propose that the evolutionary marker of basic or minimal consciousness is a complex form of associative learning, which they term unlimited associative learning (UAL). UAL enables an organism to ascribe motivational value to a novel, compound, non-reflex-inducing stimulus or action, and use it as the basis for future learning. Associative learning, Ginsburg and Jablonka argue, drove the Cambrian explosion and its massive diversification of organisms. Finally, Ginsburg and Jablonka propose symbolic language as a similar type of marker for the evolutionary transition to human rationality-to Aristotle’s “rational soul.”
Genre: Non-Fiction > Health, Fitness & Medical