Basics of Religious Education
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Tolstoy and the Religious Culture of His Time: A Biography of a Long Conversion, 1845-1885 by Inessa Medzhibovskaya
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Overview: The first book-length study on the subject in any language, Tolstoy and the Religious Culture of His Time treats Tolstoy’s experience as a massive philosophical and religious project rather than a crisis-laden tragedy. Inessa Medzhibovskaya explainsthe evolution of Tolstoy’s religious outlook based on his ongoing dialogue with the tradition of conversion in Europe and Russia, as well as on the demands of his own heart, mind, and spirit. The author contextualizes Tolstoy’s conversion, comparing hispattern of religious conversion with that of other notable religious converts-Saint Paul, Saint Augustine, Luther, Pascal, Rousseau-as well with that of Tolstoy’s countrymen-Pushkin, Gogol, Chaadaev, Stankevich, Belinsky, Herzen, and Dostoevsky. Stressingthe importance of the religious culture of his time for Tolstoy, this study investigates the nineteenth century debates that inspired and repelled Tolstoy as he weighed arguments for or against faith in his dialogues with the culture of his time, covering widely differing fields and disciplines of experimental knowledge. The author considers German Romantic philosophy, the natural sciences, pragmatist religious solutions, theories of social progress and evolution, and the historical school of Christianity.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Biographies & Memoirs
Poetry and the Leningrad Religious-Philosophical Seminar 1974-1980: Music for a Deaf Age by Josephine von Zitzewitz
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Overview: The Religious-Philosophical Seminar, meeting in Leningrad between 1974-1980, was an underground study group where young intellectuals staged debates, read poetry and circulated their own typewritten journal, called ’37’. The group and its journal offered a platform to poets who subsequently entered the canon of Russian verse, such as Viktor Krivulin (1944-2001) and Elena Shvarts (1948-2010).
Josephine von Zitzewitz’s new study focuses on the Seminar’s identification of culture and spirituality, which allowed Leningrad’s unofficial culture to tap into the spirit of Russian modernism, as can be seen in ’37’. This book is thus a study of a major current in twentieth-century Russian poetry, and an enquiry into the intersection between literary and spiritual concerns. But it also presents case studies of five poets from a special generation: not only Krivulin and Shvarts, but also Sergei Stratanovskii (1944-), Oleg Okhapkin (1944-2008) and Aleksandr Mironov (1948-2010).
Genre: Non-Fiction > Faith, Beliefs & Philosophy
Radical, Non secular, and Violent: The New Economics of Terrorism by way of Eli Berman
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Assessment: How do radical spiritual sects run such fatal terrorist organizations? Hezbollah, Hamas, Lashkar-e-Taiba, and the Taliban all started as spiritual teams devoted to piety and charity. But when they grew to become to violence, they was horribly potent, executing campaigns of terrorism deadlier than the ones in their secular opponents. In Radical, Non secular, and Violent, Eli Berman approaches the query the usage of the economics of organizations. He first dispels some myths: radical spiritual terrorists don’t seem to be normally motivated by way of the promise of rewards within the afterlife (together with the notorious seventy-two virgins) and even by way of spiritual concepts normally. He argues that those terrorists (even suicide terrorists) are highest understood as rational altruists in search of to lend a hand their very own communities. But regardless of the huge pool of possible recruits – younger altruists who really feel their communities are repressed or endangered – there are not up to a dozen extremely deadly terrorist organizations on the planet in a position to sustained and coordinated violence that threatens governments and makes loads of tens of millions of civilians hesitate sooner than boarding an plane. What is particular about those organizations, and why are maximum in their fans spiritual radicals?Drawing on parallel analysis on radical spiritual Jews, Christians, and Muslims, Berman presentations that probably the most deadly terrorist teams have a not unusual function: their leaders have discovered a method to keep an eye on defection. Hezbollah, Hamas, and the Taliban, for instance, constructed loyalty and brotherly love by the use of mutual assist, hunting down "loose riders" and generating a cadre of participants they might depend on. The name of the game in their fatal effectiveness lies of their resilience and brotherly love when incentives to defect are sturdy.Those insights recommend that provision of fundamental social products and services by way of competent governments provides a crucial, nonviolent part to counterterrorism methods. It undermines the violent possible of radical spiritual organizations with out hectic loose spiritual observe, being drawn into theological debates with Jihadists, or endangering civilians.
Style: Non-Fiction > Normal
Scandal and Religious Identity in Early Stuart England: A Northamptonshire Maid’s Tragedy (Studies in Modern British Religious History) by Peter Lake , Isaac Stephens
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Overview: This book starts with an extraordinary event and document. The event is the trial and execution for infanticide of a puritan minister, John Barker, along with his wife’s niece and their maid, in Northampton in 1637; the document, what appears to be a virtual transcript of Barker’s last speech on the gallows. His downfall soon became polemical fodder in scribal publications, with Puritans circulating defences of Barker and anti-Calvinists producing a Laudian condemnation of the minister. Scandal and Religious Identity in Early Stuart England uses Barker’s crime and fate as a window on the religious world of early modern England. It is based upon an extraordinary deposit of manuscript and printed sources, all produced between 1637 and 1640 by people living in close proximity to one another and all of whom knew one another, either as friends or more often as enemies. Marshalling evidence from public polemical sources and from almost entirely private ones – a diary, private letters and a spiritual autobiography – the book is able to examine the same events and persons, and beliefs and practices, from multiple perspectives: the micro and the macro, the personal and the political, and the affective and the doctrinal. Throughout, we meet a range of very different people putting various bodies of religious theory into practice, connecting the most local and particular of events and rivalries to the great issues of the day and responding, in certain cases, to the promptings of the Holy Spirit and the temptations of the devil. This approach enables a whole series of generalisations to be explored: about the relation between politics and religion, devotion and polemic, puritans and their enemies, local and national affairs; between rumour, manuscript and print; and, finally, about gender hierarchy and the social roles of men and women. The result is an extraordinarily detailed and intimate portrait of the religio- political scene in an English county on the eve of civil war. PETER LAKE is Distinguished University Professor of early modern English history at Vanderbilt. He is the author of several studies of English religion, culture and politics in the Elizabethan and early Stuart periods. ISAAC STEPHENS is Assistant Professor of History at Saginaw Valley State University and has published on early modern marriage, religion, and life-writing.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History > Great Britain > England