Armies of Heaven: The First Crusade and the Quest for Apocalypse by Jay Rubenstein
Requirements: .ePUB reader, 1.6 Mb
Overview: At Moson, the river Danube ran red with blood. At Antioch, the Crusaders their saddles freshly decorated with sawed-off headsindiscriminately clogged the streets with the bodies of eastern Christians and Turks. At Ma’arra, they cooked children on spits and ate them. By the time the Crusaders reached Jerusalem, their questand their violence had become distinctly otherworldly: blood literally ran shin-deep through the streets as the Crusaders overran the sacred city. Beginning in 1095 and culminating four bloody years later, the First Crusade represented a new kind of warfare: holy, unrestrained, and apocalyptic. In Armies of Heaven, medieval historian Jay Rubenstein tells the story of this cataclysmic event through the eyes of those who witnessed it, emphasizing the fundamental role that apocalyptic thought played in motivating the Crusaders. A thrilling work of military and religious history, Armies of Heaven will revolutionize our understanding of the Crusades.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
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Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream: The Crusades, Apocalyptic Prophecy, and the End of History by Jay Rubenstein
Requirements: .PDF reader, 3.8 MB
Overview: In 1099, the soldiers of the First Crusade took Jerusalem. As the news of this victory spread throughout Medieval Europe, it felt nothing less than miraculous and dream-like, to such an extent that many believed history itself had been fundamentally altered by the event and that the Rapture was at hand. As a result of military conquest, Christians could see themselves as agents of rather than mere actors in their own salvation.
The capture of Jerusalem changed everything. A loosely defined geographic backwater, comprised of petty kingdoms and shifting alliances, Medieval Europe began now to imagine itself as the center of the world. The West had overtaken the East not just on the world’s stage but in God’s plans. To justify this, its writers and thinkers turned to ancient prophecies, and specifically to one of the most enigmatic passages in the Bible the dream King Nebuchadnezzar has in the Book of Daniel, of a statue with a golden head and feet of clay. Conventional interpretation of the dream transformed the state into a series of kingdoms, each less glorious than the last, leading inexorably to the end of all earthly realms– in short, to the Apocalypse. The First Crusade signified to Christians that the dream of Nebuchadnezzar would be fulfilled on their terms. Such heady reconceptions continued until the disaster of the Second Crusade and with it, the collapse of any dreams of unification or salvation-any notion that conquering the Holy Land and defeating the Infidel could absolve sin.
In Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream, Jay Rubenstein boldly maps out the steps by which these social, political, economic, and intellectual shifts occurred throughout the 12th century, drawing on those who guided and explained them. The Crusades raised the possibility of imagining the Apocalypse as more than prophecy but actual event. Rubenstein examines how those who confronted the conflict between prophecy and reality transformed the meaning and memory of the Crusades as well as their place in history.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
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Aristotle’s Children: How Christians, Muslims, and Jews Rediscovered Ancient Wisdom and Illuminated the Middle Ages through Richard E. Rubenstein
Requirements: .MP3 reader, 180 MB
Overview: A real account of a turning level in medieval historical past that formed the trendy international, from “a very good storyteller” and the writer of When Jesus Became God (Los Angeles Times).
Europe was once within the lengthy shut eye of the Middle Ages, the Roman Empire was once in tatters, and the Greek language was once all however forgotten-until a gaggle of twelfth-century students rediscovered and translated the works of Aristotle.
The thinker’s concepts unfold like wildfire throughout Europe, providing the medical view that the wildlife, together with the soul of guy, was once a correct matter of analysis. The rediscovery of those historic concepts would spark riots and heresy trials, reason main upheavals within the Catholic Church-and additionally set the level for nowadays’s rift between reason why and faith.
Aristotle’s Children transports us again to this pivotal second in international historical past, rendering the controversies of the Middle Ages full of life and obtainable, and permitting us to grasp the philosophical concepts which can be basic to trendy concept.
“A very good storyteller who breathes new existence into such attention-grabbing figures as Peter Abelard, Albertus Magnus, St. Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, William of Ockham and Aristotle himself.” -Los Angeles Times
Genre: Audiobooks > Non-Fiction
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