World Without End: Spain, Philip II, and the First Global Empire
Continue reading “World Without End: Spain, Philip II, and the First Global Empire”
Anarchism and Political Change in Spain: Schism, Polarisation and Reconstruction of the Confederacion Nacional Del Trabajo, 1939-1979 by Maggie Torres
Requirements: .PDF reader, 5.2 Mb
Overview: This history of the anarcho-syndicalist trade union, the Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo, highlights a period much neglected in historical research: from the end of the Spanish civil war in 1939 to the period of democratic change from 1976 to 1979, when the organisation was reconstructed after Franco’s death. The Franco years were characterised by extraordinary division within the CNT and by the bureaucratisation and ossification of the organisation. The decimation of the Spanish CNT in 1947 by draconian repression enhanced the role of the exiled CNT, which was now the sole representative of the historic Anarchist movement in Spain. The moribund notion of Anarchism held by the exiled organisation could not attract recruits, and thus new forces drawn to Anarchism in 1960s Spain came through different routes, related, in large part, to the crisis within Marxism.
Some of these local activists became convinced of the possibility for a reconstructed CNT, but only if the organisation were ‘renewed’. However, the exiled CNT opposed such ideas and used all possible means to undermine the movement for a ‘new CNT’. Although the reconstruction of the CNT from 1976 was characterised by the struggle between these two principal forces, the Spanish CNT captured the feelings and enthusiasm of Spanish youth, after the long dark night of Francoism. The ‘libertarian boom’ was short-lived however, and by 1978 the CNT was in deep crisis. The latter, and its allies in Spain, ‘organised’ the Congress of 1979 to prevent the CNT’s dissolution. The subsequent division of the CNT sheds lights on the political, social and economic fractures that Spain still experiences today.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
Spain’s Cause was Mine: A Memoir of an American Medic in the Spanish Civil War by Hank Rubin
Requirements: .ePUB, .MOBI/.AZW reader, 1.6 Mb
Overview: “No man ever entered earth more honorably than those who died in Spain.”-Ernest Hemingway
In 1937, Hank Rubin, a twenty-year-old Jewish pre-med student at UCLA, volunteered for service in the International Brigades combating fascists in the Spanish Civil War. In his illustrated memoir, Rubin reflects on those events, making no apologies for his youthful impulsiveness, bravado, and ideology, but recalling the heroics and sufferings he witnessed and experienced in Spain, as well as the disappointing treatment he received upon his return.
Genre: Non-Fiction > Biographies & Memoirs
Early Medieval Spain: Unity in Diversity, 400-1000 by Roger Collins
Requirements: .PDF reader, 31.6 Mb
Overview: In Spain the 1980s and 1990s have seen a dramatic revival of regional aspirations towards greater self-expression and increased political autonomy, following a period of rigid centralisation of government in Madrid and the attempted imposition of cultural uniformity. This tension between the ethnic and cultural diversity of the different regions of the Iberian peninsula and the attempts of various rulers to impose political and ‘national’ unity goes back to at least the time of the Roman Empire. In the period covered in this book there occurred many of the major events that shaped the subsequent history of Spain: the unification of the peninsula under Rome, the attempted imposition of a unitary Christian culture under the Visigoths, and the shattering of both of these by Arab conquest in 711. At the same time the Basque and Catalan national identities began to take shape, and the resistance to the Arab conquest by the Asturians, Galicians, Leonese and Castillians formed these and other distinctive components of the Hispanic cultural mix. In this fully corrected, revised and partly rewritten version of this authoritative study, first published in 1983, account has been taken of the substantial new research undertaken on all relevant periods of Spanish history since the first edition. In particular, the discussion of the Arab conquest and its impact has been entirely reconsidered. The bibliography and notes have been fully updated. Some challenging new interpretations are also presented here for the first time. This volume forms a companion to Angus MacKay’s Spain in the Middle Ages: From Frontier to Empire, 1000-1500, from the same publishers, and contains maps, genealogical tables, alist of rulers, full references and bibliographies.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
Sertorius and the Struggle for Spain by Philip Matyszak
Requirements: .ePUB reader, 9.5 Mb
Overview: The epic struggle that followed between these two great commanders is a master class of ancient strategy and tactical maneuver. Massively outnumbered, Sertorious remained undefeated on the battlefield, but was eventually assassinated by jealous subordinates, none of whom proved a match for Pompey. This proved the decisive end of the struggle for Spain, though recalcitrant tribes held out until the time of Augustus. The tale of Sertorius is the story of people struggling to liberate themselves from oppressive rule. It is also the story of Sertorius himself, who started as an idealist, and ended almost as savage and despotic as his enemies. But above all, it is the story of a duel between two great generals, fought between two different styles of army in the valleys of the Spanish interior.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 by way of Antony Beevor
Requirements: .MP3 reader, 505 MB
Overview: The civil battle that tore Spain aside between 1936 and 1939 and attracted liberals and socialists from the world over to reinforce the reason towards Franco used to be one of the hard-fought and bitterest conflicts of the 20th century: a battle of atrocities and political genocide and an army trying out floor prior to WWII for the Russians, Italians and Germans, whose Condor Legion so notoriously destroyed Guernica.
Antony Beevor’s account narrates the origins of the Civil War and its violent and dramatic path from the coup d’etat in July 1936 in the course of the savage preventing of the following 3 years which led to catastrophic defeat for the Republicans in 1939. And he succeeds particularly neatly in unravelling the complicated political and regional forces that performed such the most important section within the origins and historical past of the battle.
Genre: Audiobooks > Non-Fiction History
Air War Over Spain: Aviators, Aircraft and Air Units of the Nationalist and Republican Air Forces 1936-1939 by A. Permuy Lopez
Requirements: .PDF reader, 33 MB
Overview: This is a unique volume examining the opposing air forces in the Spanish Civil War as well the intervention of the German, Italian, and Soviet air forces in their respective guises. The air campaigns fought during the Spanish Civil War prompted important technical and tactical developments for all parties, from the actual deployment of air power through communications. The small and largely obsolescent Spanish Air Force of 1936 grew into an effective fighting arm, which by 1937 had become a significant force, thanks, in part, to German and Italian support. The Nationalists fielded Heinkel, Fiat, and Messerschmitt fighters and Heinkel, Caproni, Savoia-Marchetti, Junkers, and Dornier bombers. These forces entered into a grinding battle of attrition over the less-organized but fiercely motivated Republican air arm over Aragon, and the Jarama and Madrid Fronts, and later over Brunete, Belchite, and the final campaign over the Ebro late in 1938.
Genre: Non-Fiction > History
A Concise History of Spain by William D. Phillips, Carla Rahn Phillips
Requirements: .M4A/.M4B reader, 333 MB
Overview: This audiobook traces Spain’s development from prehistoric times to the present, focusing particularly on culture, society, politics, and personalities. It introduces listeners to key themes that have shaped Spain’s history and culture, including its varied landscapes and climates; the impact of waves of diverse human migrations; the importance of its location as a bridge between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean and Europe and Africa; and religion, particularly militant Catholic Christianity and its centuries of conflict with Islam and Protestantism, as well as debates over the place of the Church in modern Spain.
Genre: Audiobooks > Non-Fiction
A Concise History of Spain [Audiobook]
The Face of Spain by means of Gerald Brenan
Necessities: .ePUB, .MOBI/.AZW reader, 1.4MB
Review: Gerald Brenan returned to Spain in 1949 for the primary time because the Civil Conflict. He used to be decided to peer what had transform of the rustic he beloved, to talk to odd other people and to revel in lifestyles in small cities unvisited by means of foreigners. He had previous lived in a faraway village within the Sierra Nevada – now he returned to a land within the grip of famine the place guerrilleros roamed the mountains and hundreds of other people have been diminished to dwelling in caves. Whether or not on the lookout for his buddy Lorca’s unmarked grave, musing at the historical past of the good mosque in Córdoba and historical synagogues in Toledo or chatting to provincial shopkeepers, Brenan used to be unfailingly perceptive. Even if shadowed by means of police informers and harangued by means of Francoist clergymen, he used to be undeterred, and this witty and humane account of his talk over with illuminates a bankruptcy of Spanish historical past that is still virtually unknown. Franco’s regime has now vanished, however its ghosts proceed to hang-out Spain. After they have been alive, nobody described the ogres and their sufferers extra vividly than Gerald Brenan.
Style: Non-Fiction > Historical past