Author(s): Pier Mattia Tommasino
An nameless e-book seemed in Venice in 1547 titled L’Alcorano di Macometto, and, consistent with the identify web page, it contained "the doctrine, existence, customs, and regulations [of Mohammed] . . . newly translated from Arabic into the Italian language." Were this true, L’Alcorano di Macometto would had been the primary revealed direct translation of the Qur’an in a European vernacular language. The fact, then again, used to be another way. As quickly changed into transparent, the Qur’anic sections of the bookabout part the volumewere if truth be told translations of a twelfth-century Latin translation that had seemed in print in Basel in 1543. The different part integrated statement that balanced anti-Islamic rhetoric with new interpretations of Muhammad’s existence and political function in pre-Islamic Arabia. Despite having been discredited nearly right away, the Alcorano used to be inexpensive, available, and extensively disbursed.
In The Venetian Qur’an, Pier Mattia Tommasino uncovers the amount’s mysterious origins, its up to now unidentified creator, and its vast, lasting affect. L’Alcorano di Macometto, Tommasino argues, served a twin function: it used to be a e-book for European refugees taking a look to relocate within the Ottoman Empire, in addition to a normal Renaissance reader’s information to Islamic historical past and tales. The e-book’s translation and statement had been ready by way of an unknown younger pupil, Giovanni Battista Castrodardo, a posh and intellectually achieved guy, whose statement in L’Alcorano di Macometto bridges Muhammad’s biography and the textual content of the Qur’an with Machiavelli’s The Prince and Dante’s Divine Comedy. In the years following the newsletter of L’Alcorano di Macometto, the e-book used to be brushed aside by way of Arabists and banned by way of the Catholic Church. It used to be additionally, then again, translated into German, Hebrew, and Spanish and browse by way of a longer lineage of missionaries, rabbis, renegades, and iconoclasts, together with such figures because the miller Menocchio, Joseph Justus Scaliger, and Montesquieu. Through meticulous analysis and literary research, The Venetian Qur’an finds the historical past and legacy of a captivating historic and scholarly record.